Defining Alerts on InfluxCloud

Chronograf provides a user interface for Kapacitor, InfluxData’s processing framework for working with your data in either a batch or stream to perform complex downsampling, run ETL jobs, integrate with machine learning systems, or detect anomalies and create alerts.

As part of your InfluxCloud subscription, you have access to a free, limited instance of Kapacitor that gives you the ability to define up to 25 alerts. If you need to have more alerts than this or wish to explore additional capabilities of Kapacitor, you can purchase a Kapacitor add-on and unlock the full power of this part of the platform.

This guide offers step-by-step instructions for defining alerts in Chronograf. By the end of this guide, you’ll have an alert rule that sends a message to an existing Slack channel whenever your idle CPU usage crosses the 80% threshold.


The steps below assume that you have a working Slack instance and that you’ve configured it as an event handler in Chronograf. See the Configure Kapacitor Event Handlers guide for detailed configuration instructions.

Configure a Kapacitor alert rule

Before you start, navigate to the Rule Configuration page by visiting the Alert Rules page and clicking on the Create Rule button in the top right corner.

The Rule Configuration page is where you create and edit your Kapacitor alert rules. Steps one through six walk you through each section of the Rule Configuration page:

Step 1: Name the rule

Name the alert rule by clicking on Untitled Rule in the top left corner. You can call your rule anything you want and you can always change it later. Here, we call it Idle CPU Usage:

Step 2: Select the time series

Next, choose the data that you want the alert rule to work with. Navigate through the Databases, Measurements, Fields, and Tags tabs to select the relevant data.

In this example, we select the telegraf database and the autogen retention policy, the cpu measurement, the usage_idle field, and no tags. The result is the InfluxQL query in the image below. Notice that Chronograf automatically sets a time range in the WHERE clause. Don’t worry about that for now; we’ll discuss that time range in step four.

Step 3: Select the alert type

Choose from three alert types in the Rule Conditions section of the Rule Configuration page. The three alert types are:

  • Threshold - alert if the data cross a boundary
  • Relative - alert if the data change relative to the data in a different time range
  • Deadman - alert if InfluxDB receives no relevant data for the specified time duration

Here, we select the Threshold alert type.

Step 4: Define the rule condition

Next, define the threshold condition:

Moving across the inputs from right to left:

  • usage_idle: The field key specified in the Select a Time Series section.
  • Less than: The condition type. Chronograf supports several condition types.
  • 80: The threshold number. The system sends an alert when the usage_idle data cross that boundary.

The graph shows a preview of the relevant data and the threshold number. By default, the graph shows data within the past 15 minutes. The time range selector in the top right corner adjusts the graph’s time range. Use this feature when determining a reasonable threshold number based on your data.

Note: We set the threshold number to 80 for demonstration purposes. On our machine, setting the threshold for idle CPU usage to a high number ensures that we’ll be able to see the alert in action. In practice, you’d set the threshold number to better match the patterns in your data and your alert needs.

Step 5: Select the event handler and configure the alert message

The Alert Message section on the Rule Configuration page determines where the system sends the alert (the event handler) and the text that accompanies the alert (the alert message). Chronograf supports several event handlers. Here, we choose to send alerts to Slack, specifically to the existing #chronocats channel.

The alert message is the text that accompanies an alert. In this example, the alert message is Your idle CPU usage is {{.Level}} at {{ index .Fields "value" }}. 😸. {{.Level}} is a template that evaluates to CRITICAL when the usage_idle data initially dip below 80% and OK when the usage_idle data first return to 80% or above. The {{ index .Fields "value" }} template prints the relevant field value that triggered the alert.

Note: There’s no need to include a Slack channel in the Alert Message section if you specified a default channel in the initial Slack configuration. If you did not include a default channel in the initial configuration or if you’d like to send alerts to a non-default channel, specify an alternative Slack channel in this section.

Step 6: Save the alert rule

You’re all set! Click the Save Rule button in the top right corner and navigate to the Kapacitor Rule page to see your rule. Notice that you can easily enable and disable the rule by toggling the checkbox in the Enabled column.

Next, move on to the section below to experience your alert rule in action.

View the alert in practice

Step 1: Create some load on your system

The purpose of this step is to generate enough load on your system to trigger an alert. More specifically, your idle CPU usage must dip below 80%. On the machine that’s running Telegraf, enter the following command in the terminal to start some while loops:

while true; do i=0; done

Let it run for a couple seconds or minutes before terminating it. On most systems, kill the script by selecting the Ctrl-c keys.

Step 2: Visit Slack

Next, visit the Slack channel that you specified in the previous section. In this example, it’s the #chronocats channel.

Assuming step one was successful, #chronograf should reveal at least two alert messages:

  • The first alert message indicates that your idle CPU usage was CRITICAL, that is, it dipped below 80%. The specific field value that triggered the alert is 69.59999999998138.
  • The second alert message indicates that your idle CPU usage returned to an OK level, that is, it returned to 80% or above. The specific field value that triggered the alert is 99.0981963931105.

That’s it! You’ve successfully used Chronograf to configure a Kapacitor alert rule to monitor your idle CPU usage.